このたび、Simon Potter博士をお呼びして国際ワークショップを開催する運びとなりました。Simon Potter博士は、英国ブリストル大学で教鞭をとりながら、19世紀と20世紀におけるイギリス帝国とマスメディアの関係を研究しておられます。これまでに、News and the British World: The Emergence of an Imperial Press System, 1876-1922 (Oxford, 2003)、Broadcasting Empire: the BBC and the British World, 1922-1970 (Oxford, 2012)の他、多数の著作を発表してこられました。今回は、第二次世界大戦期におけるラジオ報道がブリティッシュ・ワールドにおける感情的紐帯を如何に強化したのかについて、お話ししていただきます。





101-8301 東京都千代田区神田駿河台1-1




「第二次世界大戦におけるブリティッシュネス報道―ラジオとブリティッシュ・ワールド」(‘Broadcasting Britishness during the Second World War: Radio and the British World’)


This essay considers the role of radio broadcasting in appealing to and reinforcing Britannic sentiment during the Second World War, and thus mobilising a united imperial war effort. Radio played on the bonds of sentiment in a particularly powerful fashion, because it addressed listeners intimately and with a sense of authenticity, and allowed rapid, regular, and direct communication with audiences over long distances. Imperial broadcasting structures established during the 1920s and 1930s were repurposed for war, under the leadership of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), but bringing in broadcasters (and state information and propaganda agencies) all around the British world. Many different producers, writers, artists, and experts helped broadcast Britishness during this period, appealing to Britannic sentiment in a wide variety of ways. Often they linked Britishness with liberty, democracy, and equality, even if this flew in the face of the realities of empire. The British connection was presented as a living and vital force, bringing people together despite divisions of race. Broadcasters also made a powerful appeal to ideas about a common history and set of traditions. The essay suggests that such themes offered a powerful means of harnessing Britannic sentiment to the needs of war.